Taekwondo Terminology

Why not use English?

Taekwondo is deeply rooted in Korean culture. Using Korean language in Taekwondo schools helps preserve and honor this heritage. Korean has been used in Taekwondo since its inception. Many of the terms and commands used in Taekwondo have historical significance and are part of the tradition of the martial art. While Taekwondo has spread worldwide, maintaining a standardized set of Korean terms ensures consistency and clarity in training, regardless of where in the world the school is located.

Korean Words Commonly Used in Taekwondo Schools

The word Taekwondo means “the way of foot and fist.”

Commonly Used Words and Phrases

  • Attention – Cha-ryot [Chair-REE-ut]
  • Ready Position – Joonbi [June-BEE]
  • Begin – Si-jak [She-Zhuck]
  • Finish / Return – Barro [BAA-row]
  • Yell – Kihup [kyup]
  • Bow – Kyong Ye [Key-young-ye] 
  • Uniform – Dobok
  • Gym for practice – DoJang

Counting

  1. Hana – one
  2. Dul – two
  3. Set – three
  4. Net – four
  5. Dasot – five
  6. Yasot – six
  7. Elgub – seven
  8. Yodol – eight
  9. Ahob – nine
  10. Yol – ten

Form (Rank – first, second … )

  • Taegeuk 1 – [Tae Geuk IL-Jong]
  • Taegeuk 2 – [Tae Geuk Ee-Jong]
  • Taegeuk 3 – [Tae Geuk Sam-Jong]
  • Taegeuk 4 – [Tae Geuk Sa-Jong]
  • Taegeuk 5 – [Tae Geuk O-Jong]
  • Taegeuk 6 – [Tae Geuk Yuk-Jong]
  • Taegeuk 7 – [Tae Geuk Chil-Jong]
  • Taegeuk 8 – [Tae Geuk Pul-Jong]
  • Palgwe 1 – [Pol-gay IL-Jong]
  • Palgwe 2 – [Pol-gay Ee-Jong]
  • Palgwe 3 – [Pol-gay Sam-Jong]
  • Palgwe 4 – [Pol-gay Sa-Jong]
  • Palgwe 5 – [Pol-gay O-Jong]
  • Palgwe 6 – [Pol-gay Yuk-Jong]
  • Palgwe 7 – [Pol-gay Chil-Jong]
  • Palgwe 8 – [Pol-gay Pul-Jong]